Old Dorsetshire

Badbury Rings

Set on a high rise of land within the Kingston Lacy estates is the Iron Age hillfort known as Badbury Rings. The site, now crowned with trees, is defended on three sides by a trio of concentric earthen ditches and ramparts. Badbury has been proposed as the site of Mons Badonicus (Mount Badon) - the great 6th century battle which saw a Romano-British force under King Arthur defeat invading Germanic tribes of Angles, Saxons, and Jutes.

Kingston Lacy, Shapwick, Dorset, EnglandGrose's Antiquities of England and Wales (1787) description of Dorsetshire (Extract)

 

Is a maritime county; which, before the arrival of the Romans, comprized the whole of the third principality of the Britons, and was called the Durotrigae; and by the Romans was included in their province of Britannia Prima; and during the Saxon Heptarchy it made part of the West-Saxon dominions, whose commencement was in 519, and termination under 18 sovereigns was in 828; when its success by conquest reduced all the other six sovereignties; and the English government commenced under Egbert.

It is included in the Western circuit, in the province of Canterbury and the diocese of Exeter; bounded on the North by Somersetshire and Wiltshire; south by the British Channel; east by Hampshire and west by Devonshire. In this county was the first Saxon settlement in Britain. It is 52 miles long, 34 broad and 160 in circumference; containing 959 square miles, or 772,000 acres, having 22 market towns, viz. Dorchester, Lyme, Shaftsbury, Pool, Bridport, Sherborn, Wareham, Corfe-Castle, Blandford, Weymouth, Melcombe Regis, Cranborn, Beminster, Abbotsbury, Bere, Evershot, Frampton, Milton-Abbey, Stalbrodge, Sturminster, Winborn, and Cerne; here there are 1006 villages, 236 parishes, 68 vicarages. It is divided into 34 hundreds; sends 20 members to Parliament; pays nine parts of the land-tax, and provides 640 men to the national militia. The rivers are the Frome, Avon, Stour, Piddle, Allen, Lyddon, Ivel, Wey, Bert, Car and Ex. It produces sheep, aromatic plants, freestone, timber, marle, hemp, cattle, fowls, game, fish in great plenty, corn, marble, bone lace, linseys and woollen goods, tobacco-pipe clay, etc. The most noted places are the vale of White-horse, Marshwood vale, the White Hart, Gillingham and Holt forests, Cranborn Chace, Blackmore, Luckford Lake, Fordington Moor, Chesil Bank, and Portland Race.

 

There are Roman, Saxon or Danish encampments on Hoddle and Hamildon Hills, Maiden Castle near Dorchester, at Badbury near Winborn Minster, upon Egerton Hill near Maiden Newton, near Abbotsbury called Abbotsbury Castle, at Dudsbury near Winborn, near Stockland, upon Pillsdon Hill near Beminster, upon Castle Hill near Cerne Abbey, near Maypowder, Badbury Rings near Winborn Minster; Poundbury near Dorchester, and Flowerbury near Lulworth.

 

The Roman Ikening Street leads through this county by Vindogladia, now Badbury, near Crayford-Blandford, and Durnovaria, now Wareham.

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Ancient Sites  of Dorsetshire:-

Ackling Dyke

Badbury Rings

Bindon Hill

Came Wood

Cerne Giant

Chalbury

Dorchester

Dorset Cursus

Eggardon

Hambledon Hill

Hengistbury Head

Hod Hill

Jordan Hill

Kingston Russell Stone Circle

Knowlton Circles

Martin's Down

Nine Stones

Oakley Down

Pilsdon Pen

Pimperne

Spettisbury Rings

Wareham

Winterbourne Poor Lot

Woolsbarrow

 

For full list of Pre Hstoric sites see :-   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_prehistoric_structures_in_Great_Britain

 

Among the largest and most complex of  Iron Age hillforts in Europe, Maiden Castle’s huge multiple ramparts

once protected several hundred residents. Excavations in the 1930s and 1980s revealed the site's 4,000-year history,

from a Neolithic causewayed enclosure to a small Roman temple built on the site in the 4th century AD. They also produced evidence of an extensive late Iron Age cemetery, where many of the burials had suffered horrific injuries in attacks or skirmishes. Look out for the information panels that guide you around the hillfort and illustrate its long history.

(C)picture below & Source www.englishheritage)

 

Maiden Castle is an Iron Age hill fort 2.5 kilometres south west of Dorchester, in the English county of Dorset. Hill forts were fortified hill-top settlements constructed across Britain during the Iron Age.

picture right courtesy of www.englishheritage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bdbury Rings

Set on a high rise of land within the Kingston Lacy estates is the Iron Age hillfort known as Badbury Rings. The site, now crowned with trees, is defended on three sides by a trio of concentric earthen ditches and ramparts. Badbury has been proposed as the site of Mons Badonicus (Mount Badon) - the great 6th century battle which saw a Romano-British force under King Arthur defeat invading Germanic tribes of Angles, Saxons, and Jutes.

Kingston Lacy, Shapwick, Dorset.

 

 

 

                                                      The Nine Stones

 

                                                   Photo Credit: Jim Champion, licensed for reuse under the Creative Commons Licence

 

 

 

 

 

A small stone circle set in a woodland glade. As the name suggests, the circle is composed of nine stones. It was constructed in the late Neolithic or early Bronze Age, around 2000 BCE.

A35, Winterbourne Abbas, Dorset.

 

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Winterbourne Poor Lot Barrows

A large cluster of 44 Bronze Age burial mounds on either side of the A35. The barrows have been described as a Bronze Age cemetery. What is fascinating about the site is that so many different types of barrows are clustered so close together. Here you will find disc barrows, bell barrows, bowl barrows,pond barrows, and the remains of what may be a hut circle.

Winterbourne Abbas, Dorset.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

maiden castle nine stones